The fragmented range of the Spotted Owl extends along the humid coastal forests of the Pacific Coast states and the mountains of the southwestern United States and central Mexico. Generally, they do not migrate but may move between higher and lower elevations with the seasons.
Because of their habitat requirements in mature forests, they are endangered in Canada and threatened in the United States.
Their diet consists of small mammals like flying squirrels, wood rats, mice, voles as well as some birds, reptiles, amphibians, and insects. They hunt at night by swooping down from a perch.
Their nest is usually in a cavity, old stick nest, or clump of debris and is located on cliffs or in canyons inside caves, on ledges, or in trees. The female lays 2-4 eggs, which are incubated for 30 days. The young start moving out of the nest at 5 weeks and learn to fly at 6 weeks of age.