The Barred Owl is the nocturnal counterpart to the Red-shouldered Hawk. Both birds occupy the same range in the eastern United States, prefer the same moist woodland habitats, and eat similar animals. The hawk is active during the day, and the owl is active at night.
Buteo hawks are referred to as buzzards in other parts of the world. The name was mistakenly applied to vultures in North America by the early settlers.
They seek a wide variety of prey, including voles, mice, shrews, birds, snakes, frogs, lizards, fish, crayfish, spiders, caterpillars, grasshoppers, beetles, and earthworms. They hunt from a perch in a tree or on a fencepost, often near water.
Like most hawks, they build a stick nest in a tree. The nest is placed midway up the tree and is lined with leaves and lichens. The female lays 2-5 eggs that are incubated for 33 days. The young fledge about 45 days later and become adults at 2 years of age.